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The World Debate
The World Debate puts the important questions to those in the spotlight.

Nik Gowing
Including representatives from global politics, finance, business, the arts, media and other areas.

The panels and contributing audiences discuss topical themes.





HAVE THE WEST'S POLICIES FAILED NORTH AFRICA & THE MIDDLE EAST?


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The recent revolts against autocratic governments in Libya, Tunisia, and Egypt, and protests against many governments across the region, make it clear that significant political change is underway. With some regimes changed and others shaken, critical questions about the future of the region and the West’s policies there remain to be answered.

Has the West reacted too slowly and inappropriately to events? Have their past policies failed them, and the people of the region?

Panel


Catherine Ashton - High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, European Union
Nabil Fahmy - American University, Cairo
Jeanne Shaheen - US Senate, Committee on Foreign Relations




IS HOMOSEXUALITY UN-AFRICAN?


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Gay people on the African continent face persecution, imprisonment and even death. 'Correctve rapes' continue to be inflicted on lesbians in South Africa’s black townships. In Uganda, lawmakers are promoting a new Anti-Homosexuality Bill.

In this debate we bring together gay rights activists and conservative religious groups to ask 'Is Homosexuality un-African?'

Panel


Paula Akugizibwe - Human Rights Activist, Rwanda
David Bahati - Member of Parliament, Uganda
Eusebius McKaiser - Writer & Lecturer, South Africa
Festus Mogae - President of Botswana, 1998-2008
Sideeqah Tunde-Lawal - Muslim Youth Leader, Nigeria




WHAT ROLE FOR ISLAM IN DEMOCRACY?


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Can the moderate path of Islam practiced in democracies like Malaysia and Turkey inform the countries in the Arab world who are protesting against the rule of autocratic rulers? The World Debate explores this question with the Prime Minister of Malaysia, Deputy Prime Minister of Turkey and leading figures from the world of business, academics and civil society from the Muslim world.

Panel


Ali Babacan - Deputy Prime Minister of Turkey
Najib Razak - Prime Minister of Malaysia
Anies Baswedan - President, Paramadina University, Jakarta
Khalid Janahi - Middle East Regional Agenda Council
Nilufer Narli - Bahcesehir University, Istanbul




GLOBAL LEADERSHIP: A NEW ERA?



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With the dramatic growth of the emerging economies is the era of Western global leadership over?
Are China and other nations willing to assume new leadership responsibilities?

Panel


Victor Chu - CEO, First Eastern Investment Group
Richard Haass - President of the Council on Foreign Relations Christine Lagarde - Minister of Economy, Finance and Industry, France
Anand Sharma - Minister of Commerce and Industry, India




CAN HUMAN TRAFFICKING BE STOPPED?


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As many as 27 million people are estimated to live in modern slavery. Millions of dollars are spent by governments on law enforcement and human trafficking prevention, but the number of prosecutions for offences is relatively low. Is the problem overstated? What are the challenges for business and the international community in fighting human trafficking?

Panel


Laura Agustin - Author, 'Sex at the Margins'
Sophie Flak - Executive Vice-President, Accor
Rani Hong - Trafficking Survivor
Siddharth Kara - Author, 'Sex Trafficking'
Ronald Noble - Secretary General, Interpol




NATURAL RESOURCES: ENOUGH TO GO AROUND?


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Is scarcity of natural resources a serious challenge for developing and advanced economies? How great is the risk that scarcity might lead to conflict, both within and between nations? Might a scramble for resources lead to a retreat from globalisation and to greater protectionism? Who are best placed to deal with the challenges of scarcity - politicians, business leaders or consumers?

Panel


Louise Arbour - President and CEO, International Crisis Group
James Cameron - UK Global Agenda Council on Climate Change
He Yafei - Ambassador and Permanent Representative of China to the UN, Geneva
Malini Mehra - Founder and CEO, Centre for Social Markets
Kevin Rudd - Minister of Foreign Affairs, Australia




MIDDLE EAST PEACE: ARE THE RIGHT PEOPLE TALKING?


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Will bilateral face-to-face meetings ever acheive security in the region? Does this process leave out key regional actors and governments?

Panel


Khalid Janahi - Middle East Regional Agenda Council
Dore Gold - Former Israeli Ambassador to the UN
Husam Zomlot - Senior Official, Fatah




FEED THE WORLD, BETTER?


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In some parts of the world, people are simply getting too fat. The World Health Organisation is so worried it says? Is there a global epidemic of obesity? Who is to blame? The individual, food companies, or governments?

Panel


Tim Armstrong - World Health Organisation
Shiriki Kumanyika - International Obesity Taskforce
Karen Miller-Kovach - Weight Watchers International
Sean Rickard - Cranfield School of Management, UK
Janet Voute - Nestle




MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS: WHAT'S HOLDING US BACK?


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World Leaders met in New York in September 2010 to review progress on the Millennium Development Goals or MDGs. In some parts of the world efforts to meet these anti-poverty targets are falling far short. So who’s to blame?

Panel


Charles Abugre - Deputy Director for Africa, UN Millennium Campaign
Esther Brimmer - US Assistant Secretary of State
Bingu Wu Mutharika - Chairman of the African Union and President of Malawi
Sandyha Venkateswaran - Wada Na Todo India
Robert Zoellick - President of the World Bank




STIMULATE OR CONSOLIDATE? HOW TO SECURE A GLOBAL RECOVERY


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The world is still in uncharted economic waters. So should governments now be making cuts or boosting spending and raising taxes? And what are the challenges for the central banks in achieving a resilient recovery?

Panel


George Papaconstantinou - Greek Finance Minister
Christina Romer - Economic Adviser to President Obama, 2009-2010
Joseph Stiglitz - Economist, Columbia University
Dominique Strauss-Kahn - Managing Director, IMF
Zhou Xiaochuan - Governor, Chinese Central Bank




ARE WE RUNNING OUT OF WATER?


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Is there really a global water shortage, or are supplies just badly managed? Are business and government part of the problem or solution? If we fail to manage global water supplies what might the consequences for the World be - especially for the one billion people without a clean water supply?

Panel



Gerard Payen – President, AQUAFED
Erna Witoelar - Former Indonesian Minister for Human Settlements
Tan Gee Paw - Chairman, P.U.B, Singapore
Professor Asit Biswas - Third World Centre for Water Management
Gidon Bromberg - Friends of the Earth, Middle East




MATCHING SKILLS TO JOBS


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As the world economy recovers jobs are being created but many employers can’t find the right people to fill them. How damaging to economic growth is this skills shortage? To what extent is better education and training the answer? Is there a pressing need to relax migration rules? And how would that affect the economies of the developing world and social cohesion in the developed world?

Panel


David Arkless - President of Corporate and Government Affairs, Manpower
Sharan Burrow - General Secretary, The International Trade Union Confederation (ITUC)
Angel Gurría - Secretary-General, OECD
Jacques Myard - French MP (UMP ruling party) and Mayor of Maisons-Laffitte
Jo Ritzen - President, Maastricht University




AFGHANISTAN: A WINNABLE WAR?


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What would characterise a NATO success in Afghanistan? Does Operation Moshtarak mark the beginning of the end, or as many argue, should the western alliance talk to the Taliban in a strategy of reconciliation?

President Obama has emphasised the intertwined nature of the 'Af-Pak' issue, but is enough being done to counter the Taliban presence across the border in Pakistan - and how stable is the Pakistani government as an insurgent threat increases within its own borders?

In Europe the 'Afghanistan issue' is divisive in many capitals - so is there a possibility that the US will have to go it alone? And how would that affect the outcome of the war?

Those questions and more are tackled at the BBC World Debate in Brussels.



NEWS - WHO PAYS IN THE DIGITAL AGE?


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This debate questions if the digital age has posed an opportunity or threat to journalism and whether the media revolution has made for a better-informed world.

Panel of Chris Ahearn, President of Reuters Media, Jane Martinson, Media Editor of The Guardian in the UK, Jonathan Miller, CEO of Digital Media News Corporation, Tony Orsten, Chief Executive Officer of twofour54 in Abu Dhabi and Amra Tareen, Founder of allvoices.com



THE GREEN ECONOMY: FAD OR FACT?


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In Bali the BBC assembles a distinguished panel with Fiona Foster moderating to debate 'where now for the green economy after Copenhagen?'.

With an invited audience and a panel who include UNEP executive director, Achim Steiner, economics of biodiversity report leader, Pavan Sukhdev, Norweigian environment and development minister, Eric Solheim & Nobel peace prize-winner Wangari Mathaai.




WILL THE REAL AFRICA PLEASE STAND UP


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Kofi Annan heads the Africa Progress Panel, discussing their views on what Africa's governments are doing to meet the aspirations of their rapidly expanding populations.

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BBC World Debate from Davos 2010: Dodging the Double Dip


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As we enter a new decade, the global economy has been shaken by over a year of recession raising questions about trust in the political and financial establishments and the accelerated shift of power from West to East.

This BBC World Debate asks: has the recovery begun or are we heading for the so-called double dip?




How much has Copenhagen achieved in the battle against climate change?


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As the United Nations Climate Change Conference draws to a close, a special World Debate from Copenhagen. The debate challenges the world’s decision-makers on their commitment to the climate change negotiations.

Entitled The Greatest Debate on Earth and recorded live from the New Concert Hall in Copenhagen, the programme asks ‘How much has Copenhagen achieved in the battle against climate change?’
With the President of Mexico, Felipe Calderon, Prime Minister of Australia, Kevin Rudd and Frederik Reinfeldt, Prime Minister of Sweden




The Commonwealth at 60: Does it Have a Future?


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The Commonwealth, made of 53 countries, describes itself as a voluntary association where countries support each other and work together towards shared goals in democracy and development.

Does it need to change to survive another 60 years?




Women: the boost business needs?


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Women make up half of the world's potential workforce. So is employing women not just good practice - but also good business?

What effect will the increasing role of women at work and their emerging power as consumers have on developing countries like India?

And how should businesses tap into the full potential of female talent and the female consumer?

Moderated by Nik Gowing, this BBC World Debate from Delhi looks at these questions and examines the consequences of making better use of the female workforce.


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